Order from the United States of America: Remount Chinese Kakejiku Hanging Scroll

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

Kakejiku, a hanging scroll, has its origin in China.
In Japan, hanging scrolls evolved in unique ways especially with the development of the tea ceremony during the Muromachi period, greatly influenced by Zen.
The Chinese scroll is finished in a relatively simple style compared to the Japanese mounting. They also developed in their own ways and created many art motifs and styles.

Want to know how to distinguish Chinese scrolls from others?
There are some distinguish features of Chinese painting scrolls. This is not definite but we can tell by painting style, types of Chinese characters (kanji), mounting style and attachments such as roller end knobs.

Both Chinese and Japanese scrolls are loved and enjoyed by many scroll enthusiasts. Today, we would like to introduce how we have remounted a Chinese painting scroll lately.

Inquiry by Russ-san from the United States of America

We had an inquiry by Russ-san from the United States of America about remounting a Chinese hanging scroll. He told us that the work was very important since a long-time friend gave it to him many years ago. It is getting worn out so he wanted the precious scroll to be renewed.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

Chinese Kakejiku | One-Color Mounting Style

 

Here’s a close up picture of the painting.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

There are small creases on both honshi (painting) and fabrics. Also, there are a few light water stains on honshi but we were told that Russ-san was not concerned if these could not be repaired.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

Creases can be more clearly seen when viewed from side. They do not look severe at the moment but will break in time if left as they are.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

 

Fabric Choices & Suggestions

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

Russ-san’s request for his kakejiku was to keep it very simple as per following comments;

Once you receive the work, I would like your recommendation regarding an appropriate fabric. I prefer something simple since the honshi itself is very simple and used muted colors. The most simple mounting style is fine for me as long as it seems appropriate for the honshi.

 

We asked Russ-san which mounting style he preferred, Gyou or Maru.

Overall, I want to keep the scroll as simple as possible and not too large so that it doesn’t interfere with the honshi. I prefer the Maru mounting style, and will leave the finished size to your recommendation.

 

Thus, we decided to proceed with Maru mounting style, which is more simple.

However, when we actually held the scroll in our hand, we decided to keep the current mounting style, “fukuro mounting with suji-mawashi” because it would perfectly suit Russ-san’s preference.

 

<Fukuro Mounting>

 

For suji-mawashi (a painting being surrounded by strips), we chose white strips the same as before.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

 

We prepared four fabrics of muted colors and patterns.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

We make sure to prepare several sample mounting images so that our customers can easily pick up a favorite one. This is helpful for us to find out customers’ preferences. We always welcome your ideas and suggestions so please do not hesitate to tell us your opinion at this stage! We determine whether it is within our capabilities and try to realize your ideal scroll.

 

Pattern A

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

Pattern B

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

Pattern C

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

Pattern D

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

Russ-san’s choice was pattern B.

 

 

Remounting of the Chinese Hanging Scroll with Autumn Landscape Painting

Russ-san had a clear idea of what he wanted for his scroll so the details were confirmed quickly.

+ Fabric: No. B

+ Mounting Style: Fukuro mounting in the manner of white suji-mawashi
—– Smoothening wrinkles
—– 1 plain paulownia-wood box

+ Size: Maintain the original size

+ Packing: In a paulownia-wood box then in an export carton box.

 

 It’s about time to begin remounting!

 

 

Mekuri / Removal of Old Backing Papers  – Caution for Peeling Chinese Backing Papers –

remount scroll United States
The remounting process starts with removal of old backing papers, regardless of type or its origin including: hanging scroll, scroll, screen, folding screen. It is regarded as the most difficult process of all. It gets more difficult depending on the damage condition and types of glue used in the former mounting.

We must proceed with caution with Chinese scrolls since there is high probability that they were mounted with strong glue (from our experiences). Strong glue makes it difficult for us to remove old backing papers. In order not to break honshi (painting), we take a longer time to soften glue with water. This takes time but helps to reduce viscosity. We always get butterflies in our stomach before starting to peel, especially Chinese scrolls. We were so relieved that backing papers moved more readily than expected.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

 

Urauchi /Backing, Karibari and Drying | In Case of Stiff Paper

remount scroll United States
After peeling backing papers, stretch wrinkles and creases on honshi and apply new backing papers. According to the condition of the honshi, we make adjustment to make a fluid scroll by choosing appropriate pieces or types of backing papers. With painting on stiff papers/fabrics, we use thinner backing papers or use less pieces of paper to realize fluidity. If we do this as our usual way, it gets too thick and the scroll will have creases when rolled up.

 

Water a paper that would be placed under the painting for support.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

Stretch wrinkles with brush. This paper is called “ategami” and helps to protect a honshi from dirt or damage while remounting. If ategami cannot be stretched properly, neither the painting on it can. This seems quite a simple process but is not so easy as it seems.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

Once all the wrinkles are smoothed out, “ategami” is ready.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

Put the painting on “ategami”. Repeat the process again.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

Too much water will make pigment/sumi ink bleed. No matter how firm we have done color fixing, pigments/ink cannot be secured 100% so make sure to give water little by little while stretching.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

Finished smoothing honshi. Small wrinkles and creases can be smoothed out at this stage. For those that cannot be smoothed out here need to be reinforced with “ore-fuse” to prevent further creases after it is completed as a hanging scroll.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

≪For more info on Ore-fuse≫

 

Evenly apply glue to a brand-new 1st backing paper.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

Too little glue will make the backing paper peel off. Too much glue makes the whole scroll stiff. Finding the perfect balance between them requires a craftsman’s extensive knowledge and experience.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

Place an end of the backing paper to a wooden rod and slowly take it from the table.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

Start stroking the backing paper onto honshi with brush. Be sure not to let air bubbles in or to leave any wrinkles.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

Repeat stroking with brush to until a honshi and a backing paper adhere firmly.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

Beat surface of the backing paper. This creates strong adhesion with honshi. Also it helps to remove all the air between them.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

Now backing process is done. Let it dry and rest on a “karibari” board.

Karibari is a drying or conditioning technique used in Japanese traditional mounting, and is a method that utilizes restraint. It gives tension to an object during drying and conditioning to achieve a flat and stable result.

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

United States America Kakejiku hanging scroll remount

 

 

Tsukemawashi, Kiritsugi / Cut and Join

remount scroll United States

Remove the honshi from “karibari” board then cut it into a rectangle. Now it is ready to cut and join.

 

Cut fabrics into required sizes.  scroll remount United States

 

These are white strips that will surround honshi. It is called “suji-mawashi”.

scroll remount United States

 

Very thin strips will be used for “suji-mawashi”.

scroll remount United States

 

All the necessary parts are ready. For this artwork, 8 pieces of fabrics in total will be attached.

remount scroll United States

 

Start surrounding honshi with white strips.

remount scroll United States

 

From the back, put a string straight on each side.

remount scroll United States

 

Cut the excess fabric and glue the edge in order to prevent pilling and fraying.

remount scroll United States

remount scroll United States

 

Next, apply glue on outer fabrics that would become pillars of a scroll.

remount scroll United States

 

Put it strait on the white strip. White strips must be clearly seen so the margin left for glue is only 3 mm. Very little.

remount scroll United States

 

Below picture can show you how narrow the margin is.

remount scroll United States

 

Cut excess fabric of pillar parts then move on to the next step.

remount scroll United States

 

Apply top and bottom. Cut and join is done.

remount scroll United States

remount scroll United States

 

 

The Second Backing

The second backing is called “mashi-urauchi” (subsidiary backing of the main work and mounting fabric). It is added to maintain balance between the main work and the mounting fabric, in terms of their thickness and strength.

 

 

Tachiawase / Cutting to Size

remount scroll United States

Each piece of mounting fabric is cut larger than the actual finished size. After cut and join, we cut a sheet of scroll into the finished size. This is called “tachi-awase”

 

remount scroll United States

 

 

Mimi-ori / Folding over the Edge

remount scroll United States

“Mimi-ori” is an act of folding flaps of both sides inwards

Width of flaps varies according to a size of hanging scrolls. Generally, it is 3.0mm to 4.5mm wide.

remount scroll United States

 

Fold flaps over with the glue. Flatten and make sure it is secure. ”Mimi-iori” makes both sides of scroll thick and extremely strong. It also helps to avoid fraying. Both sides become thicker and they make a slight difference on a scroll sheet. When rolling up a scroll, the painting can be protected since it can avoid direct contact with the backing paper, thanks to the very slight difference created by “mimi-ori”. “Mimi-ori” is just a small process but it is meaningful.

remount scroll United States

 

After mimi-ori, apply a sheet of paper on the end of top and bottom. This will be a bag to wrap in a hanging rod and a roller rod.

remount scroll United States

 

 

The Final Backing

The final backing is called “sou-urauchi.” It is added to obtain a flat and smooth finish, so that the kakejiku can be rolled up smoothly.

 

 

Finishing

remount scroll United States

Now that we have come this far, a scroll will be completed soon.

 

Apply glue to a sheet of paper that was attached to the top before the final backing.

remount scroll United States

 

Attach a hanging rod and wrap it in.

remount scroll United States

 

Hammer ring tacks in the hanging rod. Attach both a wrapping cord and a hanging cord and the top of a hanging scroll is done.

remount scroll United States

 

For the bottom, do the same as the top and attach a roller rod.

remount scroll United States

 

We carry out an inspection over and over until we confirm everything is OK.

remount scroll United States

Now, we have finished remounting.

 

 

Remounting Completed! Here’s a New Hanging Scroll!

remount Chinese scroll United States

As requested by Russ-san, it is a nicely done hanging scroll of muted color. The painting is relatively small so softly colored fabric matches very well to it.

 

 

Chinese Kakejiku Scroll | Before → After

Small wrinkles were smoothed out. The brown spots faded a little bit. The use of water during remounting had an effect of water washing. Also the brown color of mounting fabrics distracts the eye from brown spots.

We are happy that the hanging scroll became beautifully fluid by adjusting backing papers.

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Customer’s Voice

We were so grateful to receive a heartwarming message from the customer :

Dear Yuuichi-san.

Thank you so much for the caring and expert work you’ve done on this scroll. After having been shipped in the paulownia-wood box you provided, the scroll looks even better than in the photos you provided, as the rolling has made everything very even and smooth. The honshi itself is also so clear and bright. I didn’t imagine that it could look this good!

As I mentioned to you earlier, while we have a number of scrolls, this particular one is very important to us. Thank you for restoring and remounting it so beautifully!

 

Whether it is Chinese or Japanese, there are many people who own hanging scrolls. It is our great pleasure to be able to help those who need their scrolls repaired. Remounting a hanging scroll requires deeper specialized skills than making a brand-new scroll. If you have any problem with your scroll, please feel free to reach us via e-mail or contact form.

Thank you for reading this post to the end.

 

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CEO Message

Our Feelings For Kakejiku


 The Japanese people have long set a high value on aesthetic senses since ancient times. As a result, the
peculiar culture which is not seen in other countries blossomed and many aspects of the modern Japanese
culture come from it. Parts of Japanese culture has been introduced to people in other countries recently,
so the number of people from other countries who are interested in Japanese culture has been increasing.
However, the Japanese aesthetic senses, which are the bases of Japanese culture, have been nurtured
through a long history, intertwining various elements intricately, such as climate, geographical features,
religion, customs and so on. Therefore, they are very difficult to understand not only for people from other
countries, but even for the Japanese people. I think the best tool which conveys these difficult senses
understandably is a “kakejiku.”
 The kakejiku (a hanging scroll; a work of calligraphy or a painting which is mounted and hung in an
alcove or on a wall) is a traditional Japanese art. It's no exaggeration to say that paintings are what
express aesthetic senses at all times and places. The kakejiku is an art which expresses the Japanese
aesthetic senses. The kakejiku has long been used in traditional Japanese events, daily life and so on since
ancient times. As a result, there are various customs of kakejiku in Japan; kakejiku and the life of the
Japanese are closely related. We can see Japanese values through kakejiku.
 The kakejiku is a cultural tradition which the Japanese people should be proud of. However, many people
in other countries don't know much about it because it hasn't been showcased as much. This is why I
decided to try to introduce it. The kakejiku world is very interesting and beautiful. We want not only the
Japanese, but also many people from other countries to know and enjoy it. I hope that many people will
love kakejiku someday.

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Company Profile
syaoku.jpg(120220 byte)

Name Art Nomura


President Tatsuji Nomura


Founded1973


Established1992


Address7-23 Babadori, Tarumi-ku, Kobe city,
Hyougo Prefecture, 655-0021, Japan



Capital10 million yen


URLhttp://nomurakakejiku.com


Our Business

 Art Nomura is an art dealer which produces kakejiku (hanging scrolls). We mount many paintings and calligraphic works in kakejiku in my factory. Kakejiku are our main product. We also remount and repair old or damaged kakejiku. We share the traditional Japanese art of kakejiku with people all over the world.



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Access Map


 The Japanese people have long set a high value on aesthetic senses since ancient times. As a result, the
peculiar culture which is not seen in other countries blossomed and many aspects of the modern Japanese
culture come from it. Parts of Japanese culture has been introduced to people in other countries recently,
so the number of people from other countries who are interested in Japanese culture has been increasing.
However, the Japanese aesthetic senses, which are the bases of Japanese culture, have been nurtured
through a long history, intertwining various elements intricately, such as climate, geographical features,
religion, customs and so on. Therefore, they are very difficult to understand not only for people from other
countries, but even for the Japanese people. I think the best tool which conveys these difficult senses
understandably is a “kakejiku.”
 The kakejiku (a hanging scroll; a work of calligraphy or a painting which is mounted and hung in an
alcove or on a wall) is a traditional Japanese art. It's no exaggeration to say that paintings are what
express aesthetic senses at all times and places. The kakejiku is an art which expresses the Japanese
aesthetic senses. The kakejiku has long been used in traditional Japanese events, daily life and so on since
ancient times. As a result, there are various customs of kakejiku in Japan; kakejiku and the life of the
Japanese are closely related. We can see Japanese values through kakejiku.
 The kakejiku is a cultural tradition which the Japanese people should be proud of. However, many people
in other countries don't know much about it because it hasn't been showcased as much. This is why I
decided to try to introduce it. The kakejiku world is very interesting and beautiful. We want not only the
Japanese, but also many people from other countries to know and enjoy it. I hope that many people will
love kakejiku someday.

(or press ESC or click the overlay)