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“Gyou” style mounting is the mounting format for many Japanese-style paintings (“nihon-ga”), calligraphic works, and so on. Gyou style mounting is the most commonly used in Japan. In this type of mounting, there is no “soto-mawashi” (outside enclosure). The top section is called “ten,” and the bottom section is called “chi.” Kinds of gyou style mounting are:
(1) The “gyou-no-shin” format has an “naka-mawashi” (inner enclosure), and an “ichimonji-mawashi” (ichimonji enclosure). “Ichimonji” are two long strips of cloth attached to the top and bottom of the main work. The sides of naka-mawashi are called “hashira” (pillars) specifically, while the sides of soto-mawashi are called hashira in “shin” style mounting. The “top” and “bottom” are attached above and below the naka-mawashi.
(2) The “gyou-no-gyou” format has both a naka-mawashi and ichimonji, but the main work is not surrounded by ichimonji. The “top” and “bottom” are attached above and below the naka-mawashi. Since this format is divided into “ten-chi” (top and bottom), a naka-mawashi, and ichimonji, it is also called “sandan-hyousou” (a mounting format with three parts). This is the most popular format.
(3) The “gyou-no-sou” format is similar to gyou-no-gyou format, but without the ichimonji. This format is divided into ten-chi and a naka-mawashi; it is also called “nidan-hyousou” (a mounting format with two parts).
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