- Japanese Aesthetics
- Kakejiku (Hanging Scroll)
- Hyougu (Mounting)
- Japanese-style Painting
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01 Selection of the Mounting Fabric
Mounting fabric appropriate to the theme of the main work, and one that will accentuate the work, is selected. In determining the overall size of the fabric to be prepared, factors such as the direction of the weave, the matching of the pattern when the fabric is cut and joined, as well as the shrinking of the fabric, are taken into consideration.
02 The First Backing of the Main Work
Backing (called “urauchi”) is the act of applying paper to the back of paper, silk, or fabric with paste for reinforcement. The paper to be used is selected by the craftsman (hyougushi) depending on the effect that is trying to be achieved and the condition of the main work. In mounting a “kakejiku” (hanging scroll), the first backing called “hada-urauchi,” is applied directly onto the back of the main work. In this process, relatively thin, firm paper is used.
03 The First Backing of the Mounting Fabric
The mounting fabric is also backed with relatively thin, firm paper. In this process, the craftsman should be careful not to distort the design of the fabric.
04 Karibari and Drying
During the process of the first backing, the main work and mounting fabric will have acquired moisture and become somewhat stretched. By applying paste to the edges, and placing the main work and the mounting fabric on a “karibari” board, stress on the main work and the mounting fabric can be adjusted, and will become flat as they dry. This way it will be possible to create a balance between the two when the main work is mounted as a kakejiku.
The First Backing of the Main Work, Karibari and Drying
Cut-and-join, which is also called “tsukemawashi,” is the process by which the main work and the mounting fabric are joined to make a kakejiku. After removing the main work from the karibari board, it is adjusted into the correct rectangular shape. Then, the main work and the mounting fabric are adhered together with fresh paste, and ready to be mounted as a kakejiku.
06 The Second Backing
The second backing is called “mashi-urauchi” (subsidiary backing of the main work and mounting fabric). It is added to maintain balance between the main work and the mounting fabric, in terms of their thickness and strength.
07 The Final Backing
The final backing is called “sou-urauchi.” It is added to obtain a flat and smooth finish, so that the kakejiku can be rolled up smoothly.
A hanging rod is attached to the top of the kakejiku, while a roller rod with knobs is attached to the bottom. Decorative fabric strips are sewn onto the hanging rod, and ring tacks are hammered in and a hanging cord and a wrapping cord are attached.