Kyoto School / Schools of Nihonga 005

Kyoto School

“Kyoto School” is a term that refers to the artists of the Kyoto circle of nihonga (Japanese-style paintings) after the Meiji period. Toward the end of the Edo period, Kanou School and Tosa School were active in Edo while Maruyama/Shijou School and painters of nanga were active in Kyoto.

Kanou School

Kanou School is a school of painting from the mid-Muromachi period to the early Meiji period that follows the lineage of Chinese-style painting.

 

Tosa School

Tosa School of Japanese painting was founded in the early Muromachi Period (14th-15th centuries), and was devoted to yamato-e, paintings specializing in subject matter and techniques derived from ancient Japanese art, as opposed to schools influenced by Chinese art, namely the Kanou School. Tosa School paintings are characterised by “areas of flat opaque color enclosed by simple outlines, where drawing is precise and conventional,” with many narrative subjects from Japanese literature and history. However by the 17th century both Tosa and Kanou artists broadened their range, and the distinction between these and other schools became less clear.

 

Maruyama/Shijou School

Maruyama Shijou School is a name used to refer to both Maruyama School, a school founded by Maruyama Oukyo (1733-95) of the mid-Edo period, and Shijou School, a school in the lineage of Maruyama School established by Matsumura Gekkei (Goshun, 1752-1811).

 

Nanga

Nanga (lit. “Southern painting”), also known as Bunjinga (lit. literati painting”), was a school of Japanese painting which flourished in the late Edo period among artists who considered themselves literati, or intellectuals. While each of these artists was, almost by definition, unique and independent, they all shared an admiration for traditional Chinese culture. Their paintings, usually in monochrome black ink, sometimes with light color, and nearly always depicting Chinese landscapes or similar subjects, were patterned after Chinese literati painting, called wenrenhua in Chinese. The name nanga is an abbreviation of nanshuuga, referring to the Chinese Southern school of painting (nanzonghua in Chinese).

 

After the Meiji Restoration, confusion arose in the world of nihonga in Tokyo because of the introduction of Western painting techniques, but in Kyoto not much influence was felt because the sense of three dimensionality and the technique of expressing space found in Western-style painting had already been introduced by Maruyama Oukyo. Based on sketches from Maruyama/Shijou School, Kyoto School carefully captured the form of objects and succeeded in creating a style that is strikingly realistic even though the colors are simple and plain. Its unique style greatly influenced the development of nihonga in the modern period. The most important artists include Seihou Takeuchi, Shouen Uemura, Kansetsu Hashimoto, Bakusen Tsuchida and Heihachirou Fukuda. Tessai Tomioka who painted nanga may also be included in this group.

Tabby Cat / Seihou Takeuchi Painting of Kyoto School

Tabby Cat / Seihou Takeuchi

 

Noh Dance Prelude / Shouen Uemura Painting of Kyoto School

Noh Dance Prelude / Shouen Uemura

 

Autumn Farm / Kansetsu Hashimoto Painting of Kyoto School

Autumn Farm / Kansetsu Hashimoto

 

Woman at a Spa / Bakusen Tsuchida Painting of Kyoto School

Woman at a Spa / Bakusen Tsuchida

 

Encountering with Immortal Women / Tessai Tomioka Painting of Kyoto School

Encountering with Immortal Women / Tessai Tomioka

 

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 The Japanese people have long set a high value on aesthetic senses since ancient times. As a result, the
peculiar culture which is not seen in other countries blossomed and many aspects of the modern Japanese
culture come from it. Parts of Japanese culture has been introduced to people in other countries recently,
so the number of people from other countries who are interested in Japanese culture has been increasing.
However, the Japanese aesthetic senses, which are the bases of Japanese culture, have been nurtured
through a long history, intertwining various elements intricately, such as climate, geographical features,
religion, customs and so on. Therefore, they are very difficult to understand not only for people from other
countries, but even for the Japanese people. I think the best tool which conveys these difficult senses
understandably is a “kakejiku.”
 The kakejiku (a hanging scroll; a work of calligraphy or a painting which is mounted and hung in an
alcove or on a wall) is a traditional Japanese art. It's no exaggeration to say that paintings are what
express aesthetic senses at all times and places. The kakejiku is an art which expresses the Japanese
aesthetic senses. The kakejiku has long been used in traditional Japanese events, daily life and so on since
ancient times. As a result, there are various customs of kakejiku in Japan; kakejiku and the life of the
Japanese are closely related. We can see Japanese values through kakejiku.
 The kakejiku is a cultural tradition which the Japanese people should be proud of. However, many people
in other countries don't know much about it because it hasn't been showcased as much. This is why I
decided to try to introduce it. The kakejiku world is very interesting and beautiful. We want not only the
Japanese, but also many people from other countries to know and enjoy it. I hope that many people will
love kakejiku someday.

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Name Art Nomura


President Tatsuji Nomura


Founded1973


Established1992


Address7-23 Babadori, Tarumi-ku, Kobe city,
Hyougo Prefecture, 655-0021, Japan



Capital10 million yen


URLhttp://nomurakakejiku.com


Our Business

 Art Nomura is an art dealer which produces kakejiku (hanging scrolls). We mount many paintings and calligraphic works in kakejiku in my factory. Kakejiku are our main product. We also remount and repair old or damaged kakejiku. We share the traditional Japanese art of kakejiku with people all over the world.



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 The Japanese people have long set a high value on aesthetic senses since ancient times. As a result, the
peculiar culture which is not seen in other countries blossomed and many aspects of the modern Japanese
culture come from it. Parts of Japanese culture has been introduced to people in other countries recently,
so the number of people from other countries who are interested in Japanese culture has been increasing.
However, the Japanese aesthetic senses, which are the bases of Japanese culture, have been nurtured
through a long history, intertwining various elements intricately, such as climate, geographical features,
religion, customs and so on. Therefore, they are very difficult to understand not only for people from other
countries, but even for the Japanese people. I think the best tool which conveys these difficult senses
understandably is a “kakejiku.”
 The kakejiku (a hanging scroll; a work of calligraphy or a painting which is mounted and hung in an
alcove or on a wall) is a traditional Japanese art. It's no exaggeration to say that paintings are what
express aesthetic senses at all times and places. The kakejiku is an art which expresses the Japanese
aesthetic senses. The kakejiku has long been used in traditional Japanese events, daily life and so on since
ancient times. As a result, there are various customs of kakejiku in Japan; kakejiku and the life of the
Japanese are closely related. We can see Japanese values through kakejiku.
 The kakejiku is a cultural tradition which the Japanese people should be proud of. However, many people
in other countries don't know much about it because it hasn't been showcased as much. This is why I
decided to try to introduce it. The kakejiku world is very interesting and beautiful. We want not only the
Japanese, but also many people from other countries to know and enjoy it. I hope that many people will
love kakejiku someday.

(or press ESC or click the overlay)